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Frequently Asked Questions


  • Why do I have difficulty listening and understanding even though my hearing is normal?                                              Basic hearing tests assess the peripheral hearing using tones. Tones are not the same as speech sounds.                  Brain analyzes speech sounds to understand language not tones.

  • Will psychological or speech-language testing alone be sufficient for diagnosing Auditory Processing Disorder?              While psychological and/ or speech-language testing can indicate presence of APD, there are other auditory skills that need to be assessed to diagnose APD. Only an Audiologist has the foundational knowledge to assess the auditory skills in depth.                                                                                                                                                                      Specialized training in the area of Auditory Processing Disorders (assessment and intervention) is very beneficial for providing appropriate services to the individuals with APD

  • Who can treat Auditory Processing Disorder (APD)?                                                                                                            Both Speech Language Pathologist and/ or Audiologist can provide therapy. It is most beneficial to seek professionals who are specially trained to provide APD services.                                                                                                                      Professionals with dual certification in both Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology have a strong knowledge base the hearing, listening, and communication systems which may be very beneficial for APD assessment and intervention.

  • What results can I expect from auditory processing intervention?                                                                                Following therapy, you can expect to see positive changes in communication including but not limited to, understanding speech, comprehension, social engagement, listening in noise, easier group conversations, listening to lectures, improved academic skills, listening endurance and decreased emotional reactivity due to mis-communications.

  • At what age can auditory processing testing and treatment be effective?                                                                      Auditory processing deficits can and should be treated as early as possible, and as soon as one suspects the presence of APD. There are tests to diagnose and treat APD as early as age 3.

  • Will Auditory Processing intervention be effective on adults?                                                                                                    Yes, auditory system is receptive to intervention at any age

  • Can Auditory Processing Disorder exist with other deficits?                                                                                                      Yes. Although auditory skills weaknesses can occur in isolation, it certainly can exist with other developmental delays such as Intellectual Disability, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Hearing loss, etc. APD and Attention Deficits can also co-exist.

  • Do Auditory Processing Disorder and Attention Deficit Disorder look similar?                                                            Auditory inattention is often a symptom of auditory processing weakness. The individual often tunes out due to auditory overload and decreased stamina, which can mimic an attention deficit (often resulting in medical intervention with minimal benefits).

  • How long does therapy take?                                                                                                                                                  After the assessment, treatment plans will be individualized. Therapy can last up to 12-24 months. Results are usually seen within 6 months.

  • Do you provide virtual evaluation and therapy?                                                                                                                      While we prefer in-person assessment and intervention, remote services can be provided.

  • Do you take insurance?                                                                                                                                                                  We are a fee for service business, but we will provide an itemized invoice to submit to your insurance provider.

  • What is the cost of evaluation and therapy?                                                                                                                      Please call Dr. Kavita Kaul at 804-519-6460.

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